Allcott, H. & Greenstone, M. Are there energy efficiency gaps? J. Economics. perspective. 263-28 (2012).
Gillingham, K., Keyes, A., and Palmer, K. Evaluating Progress in Energy Efficiency Policies and Programs. Annu. Pastor Resources. economy. 10511–532 (2018).
Graff Zivin, J. and Novan, K. Improving Efficiency and Behavior: Electricity Savings in Residential Weathering Programs. Energy J. 371-23 (2016).
Allcott, H. & Greenstone, M. Measuring the Welfare Effects of Residential Energy Efficiency Programs Working Paper No. 23386 (NBER, 2017); https://doi.org/10.3386/w23386
Fowlie, M., Greenstone, M. and Wolfram, C. Are energy efficiency investments achievable? Evidence from the Weathering Assistance Program. QJ economy. 1331597–1644 (2018).
Liang, J. et al. Does energy retrofit work? Evidence from commercial and residential buildings in Phoenix. J. About. economy. manage. 92726–743 (2018).
Davis, LW, Fuchs, A. & Gertler, P. Cash for Coolers: Evaluating a large-scale appliance replacement program in Mexico. Yes. economy. J. Economics.policy 6207–238 (2014).
Jacobsen, GD & Kotchen, MJ Are building codes effective in saving energy? Evidence from Florida residential billing data. Pastoral economy. statistics. 9534–49 (2013).
Levinson, A. How much energy can a building energy code save? Evidence from California homes. Yes. economy. Priest. 1062867–2894 (2016).
Qiu, Y. & Kahn, ME Using High Frequency Data to Better Assess Green Building Sustainability. Nat. support. 1642–649 (2018).
Novan, K., Smith, A. and Zhou, T. Residential building codes do save energy: Evidence from hourly smart meter data. Pastoral economy.statistics. https://doi.org/10.1162/rest_a_00967 (2020).
Kotchen, MJ Long-term evidence on whether building energy codes reduce residential energy consumption. J. Associate Professor. about. resource. economy. 4135–153 (2017).
Mayer, PW, DeOreo, WB, Towler, E. & Lewis, DM Residential Indoor Water Conservation Study: Retrofit Evaluation of Efficient Indoor Plumbing Installations for Single-Family Homes in the Service Area of the East Bay Municipal Utility District, Aquacraft, Inc. Water Engineering and Management (2003).
Water efficient plumbing fixtures reduce water usage and wastewater flow (US General Accounting Firm, 2000); https://www.gao.gov/assets/rced-00-232.pdf
Residential End Uses of Water (Water Research Foundation, 2016); https://www.circleofblue.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/WRF_REU2016.pdf
Price, JI, Chermak, JM & Felardo, J. Low Flow Equipment and Domestic Water Demand: An Evaluation of Demand Side Management Policies in Albuquerque, New Mexico. J. About. manage. 13337–44 (2014).
Bennear, LS, Lee, JM & Taylor, LO Municipal Environmental Retrofit Rebate Program: Additionality and Cost-Benefit Assessment. J. Policy Analysis. manage. 32350–372 (2013).
Allcott, H. Social norms and energy conservation. J. Public Economy. 951082–1095 (2011).
Brent, DA, Cook, JH & Olsen, S. Social comparison, household water use, and participation in utility conservation programs: Evidence from three randomized trials. J. Associate Professor. about. resource. economy. 2597–627 (2015).
Jessoe, K., Lade, GE, Loge, F. & Spang, E. Spillover Effects of Behavioral Interventions: Experimental Evidence for Water and Energy Use. J. Associate Professor. about. resource. economy. 8315–346 (2021).
Andor, MA & Fels, KM Behavioural economics and energy conservation – a systematic review of nonprice interventions and their causal effects. ecology. economy. 148178–210 (2018).
Ferraro, PJ, Miranda, JJ & Price, MK Persistence of treatment effects of norm-based policy instruments: Evidence from randomized environmental policy experiments. Yes. economy. Priest. 101318–322 (2011).
Bernedo, M., Ferraro, PJ & Price, M. The ongoing impact of norm-based messaging and its implications for water conservation. J. Consumption.policy 37437–452 (2014).
Ferraro, PJ & Price, MK Using non-monetary strategies to influence behavior: Evidence from a large-scale field experiment. Pastoral economy. statistics. 9564–73 (2013).
Allcott, H. & Rogers, T. Short- and long-term effects of behavioral interventions: experimental evidence for energy conservation. Yes. economy. Priest. 1043003–3037 (2014).
Newell, RG & Siikamäki, J. Driving energy efficiency behavior: The role of information labels. J. Associate Professor. about. resource. economy. 1555–598 (2014).
Gilbert, B. and Graff Zivin, J. Dynamic saliency of intermittent billing: Evidence from smart meters. J. Economics. behavior. organ. 107176–190 (2014).
Jessoe, K. & Rapson, D. Knowledge is (less) power: Experimental evidence from residential energy use. Yes. economy. Priest. 1041417–1438 (2014).
Wichman, CJ Information provision and consumer behavior: A natural experiment in billing frequency. J. Public Economy. 15213–33 (2017).
Costa, DL and Kahn, ME Energy-saving “boosts” and environmentalist ideology: Evidence from random residential electricity field experiments. J. Euro. economy. Associate Professor. 11680–702 (2013).
Allcott, H. & Kessler, JB The welfare effects of boosting: A case study of social comparisons of energy use. Yes. economy. J. Application. economy. 11236–276 (2019).
Sunstein, CR Distributive effects of nudges. Nat. Humph.behavior. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01236-z (2021).
Allcott, H. Site Selection Bias in Project Evaluation. QJ economy. 1301117–1165 (2015).
Nudge without nudge. Nat. Humph.behavior. 4121 (2020).
water sense (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2021); https://www.epa.gov/watersense/watersense-products
Hanna, R., Duflo, E., and Greenstone, M. Smoke: The impact of household behavior on the long-term effects of improved stoves. Yes. economy. J. Economics.policy 880–114 (2016).
Mideksa, TK & Kallbekken, S. The impact of climate change on electricity markets: a review. Energy policy 383579–3585 (2010).
Deschênes, O. & Greenstone, M. Climate change, mortality, and adaptation: Evidence from annual fluctuations in weather in the United States. Yes. economy. J. Application. economy. 3152–185 (2011).
Agarwal, S., Sing, TF & Yang, Y. Impact of cross-border haze pollution on household utility consumption. energy economy. 85104591 (2020).
Schultz, PW, Nolan, JM, Cialdini, RB, Goldstein, NJ & Griskevicius, V. The constructive, destructive, and rebuilding power of social norms. psychology. science. 18429–434 (2007).
Brent, DA et al. What Causes Different Responses to Socially Comparative Information on Water Conservation? about. resource. economy. 77503–537 (2020).
Agarwal, S., Rengarajan, S., Sing, TF & Yang, Y. Schoolchildren and the push for electricity conservation: Evidence from the Singapore Zero Carbon Initiative campaign. energy economy. 6129–41 (2017).