On March 16, the project “Environmental Issues in Japan and Central Asia”, co-hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Center for Slavic-Eurasian Studies of Hokkaido University, commemorating the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and Central Asia and the Caucasus countries. The role of the Central Asian Caucasus and Japan “+Japan” Dialogue, 7th Expert Meeting), attended by 125 people from government, academia, business, etc., Central Asian Caucasus countries exchanged opinions with Japanese experts. It was done.
First, Mr. Yoshinoro Takeda, Director of the Central Asia-Caucasus Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, read out the opening speech of Shuichi Tokita, the Special Representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Central Asia-Caucasus Affairs, as well as the explanation of the significance of this meeting and the efforts of the “Central Asia + Japan” dialogue. Kawabata Yoshiko gave an introduction to the “Central Asia + Japan” dialogue in the keynote speech of the associate professor of the Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology. Associate Professor Kawabata’s research results and international collaborations on the Aral Sea issue and people’s lives, especially the mechanism of increased calcium concentration caused by shellfish death, and the ongoing attempt to balance environmental protection with salt damage leading to the reduction of arable land and the livelihoods of residents affected by sand and dust, Measures such as tea planting, sericulture, and persimmon making were implemented.
In panel discussion session 1 “Water, Soil and Society in Central Asia and the Caucasus”, Assistant Professor Yoshiya Toge of Tohoku University utilizes simulations and actual observations of the Aral Sea problem based on a land-water cycle model. By changing the cultivation according to the salinity concentration of the land Varieties, introducing efforts to prevent land salinity concentration and develop sustainable agriculture, from Kyoto University Associate Professor Kenji Tanaka, International Science and Technology Cooperation on Global Issues (SATREPS) ), real-time information on the area around the Aral Sea and the potential for sustainable agriculture through the active use of saltwater plants. Sustainable Agriculture EffortsThere is an introduction. He is also the director of the Usmanov Institute of Water Resources Irrigation and Water Issues in Uzbekistan, the deputy secretary general of the International Marat Narbayev Aral Sea Relief Fund, and the chief expert of Turkmen water resources Rosa Berkerieva. Affiliated Science of the National Water Users Association Project Institute, which outlined the situation of countries in terms of irrigation and water use, issues such as population growth and water stress due to climate change, technical issues in agricultural wastewater, and the importance of regional cooperation in the Aral Sea Basin, he pointed out sex, and expressed expectations for cooperation with the international community, including Japan.
In the panel discussion 2 “Climate Change and the Sustainable Future of Mountain Environments”, Professor Chiyuki Nara of Niigata University introduced the research results of the collapse of glacial lakes. In a short period of time near the residence, a lot of damage was done. There is a strong demand for hardware measures, noting that communication is important. Next, from Shushanik Asmalyan, Deputy Director of Science, Center for Ecology and Anthropology, Armenian Academy of Sciences, using remote sensing and international cooperation to grasp vegetation, Ecentur Nrubekovich Jamarov, Deputy Director of Climate, Ministry of Natural Resources, Ecosystems and Technology Supervision of Kyrgyzstan Center for Change Finance wants to cooperate with Japan In response to climate change, Azat Osmonov, director of the Ministry of Biodiversity Special Nature Reserve, gave an overview of the Kyrgyz glaciers, and the deputy director of the Academic Center for Glaciology of the Tajikistan Environmental Protection Committee explained the state of domestic glaciers. In addition, Akita University lecturer Fumiaki Inagaki introduced the energy efficiency improvement project in Tajikistan using heat pump technology through SATREPS.Hideki Tanabe, Deputy Minister of East and Central Asia Department of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), commented on the importance of cross-border cooperation between Central Asia and Caucasus countries.
In the panel discussion session 3 “Japan’s Cooperation with Central Asia-Caucasus Region: Regional Potential of Bilateral Credit”, Ms. Maiko Uga, Assistant Manager, Department of Climate Change, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Ministry of the Environment, spoke on Japan’s climate change diplomacy. Mr. Masami Ishihara, Planning Officer of the Global Environment Center, gave an overview of the bilateral credit system from the Director of the Market Mechanism Office, Global Warming Countermeasures Division, Global Environment Agency. ) After explaining their contribution to the achievement, Maia Zufvalaze, Department of Climate Change, Ministry of Environment and Agriculture of Georgia, presented Georgia’s measures to combat climate change and international cooperation. In the ensuing discussion, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry expressed its desire to promote the use of the bilateral credit system through the JCM feasibility study and demonstration projects of the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). In addition, Mr. Royan Jafarov, Counselor of the Embassy of Azerbaijan in Tokyo, expressed his hope for cooperation with Japan.